The jajmani system has evolved from the word Jajman which means upper caste people. William H Wiser was the first one to introduce the term. THE JAJMANI SYSTEM. AN INTRODUCTION: The Jajmani system is the system of exchange of goods and services between the members of different castes. classic study (The Hindu Jajmani System, ) and proceeding to a range of stu – other writers, of the traditional jajmani system as a system in which the.

Author: Kazitaxe Mazunris
Country: Saudi Arabia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Software
Published (Last): 10 March 2009
Pages: 209
PDF File Size: 16.63 Mb
ePub File Size: 19.63 Mb
ISBN: 396-2-92244-984-4
Downloads: 71107
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Vohn

Retrieved from ” https: In Vetti-chakiri and Begar lower castes have only had obligations or duties to render free services to the upper caste community also called as Vetti or Vetti chakiri.

jajmani system : Definition,Functions,characteristics

This role consists of economic, social and moral functions. Jjajmani the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Power of high caste is based on land-ownership and wealth, and kamins do not hold such power. The conditions of the kamins remain miserable because of their economic weaknesses.

This made the kamins to leave their caste occupations and migrate to urban jajman. They are sometimes exploited and abused by the JaJmans. You must be logged in to post a comment.

It could be said that the Jajmani system is a system of distribution whereby high caste land owning families are provided services and products of various lower castes such as Khati CarpenterNai BarberKumhars PottersLobars BlacksmithsDhobi Washer manSweeper Chuhra etc. Because this system is based on heredity, the kamin cannot take other Job or occupation and the advantage of latest scientific developments to improve his economic condition.


In Gujarat Jajmani was studied by steel in Thank you for your feedback. Henty Orenstein has held that the families of village officials or village servants for example the watchman maintain jajmani relations with the whole village jaj,ani than with particular families. For example, if one Kumhar potter family eystem to take over the jajmans of another, then the injured Kumhar family appeals to its caste council to call off the intruders.

The caste councils have the power to punish the jajmans and kamins, if they commit any mistake. The jajmzni was popularized by Charles Stewart Parnell during the Irish land agitation of to protest high rents and land evictions. First, kamins are not totally dependent upon their jajmans for their livelihood. For example, Teli is one caste which is normally not sydtem in the exchange of services system.

Jajmani System in Indian Caste System: Definition, Function and Other Details

However, jajmahi action on either side does not affect the interests of the caste as a whole. Caste system is the basis of jajmani system. According to Harold Gould, these lower castes make their own jajmani arrangements either through direct exchange of labour or by paying in cash or kind.

Thank You for Your Contribution!

What is the motivation in maintaining the jajmani system? This system with the durable relation between a landowning family and the landless families that supply them with goods and services is called the jajmani system. The kamins not only provide goods to their jajmans but also perform those tasks for them which pollute them jajmans – for example, washing of soiled clothes by Dhobiscutting of hair by Naisdelivery of the new-born by Naincleaning toilets by Bhangisand so on. They try to rise up in the social ladder.


The customs, traditions and rules of behaviour differ from caste to caste.

Jajmani system

Each one works for certain family or group of families with whom he is hereditary linked. Iravati Karve and Y. So this system suffers from all the evils of caste system.

The jajmani system has evolved from the word Jajman which means upper caste people. Jajmani system is a system of traditional occupational obligations. This relationship is not purely economical but it is sentimental and internal.

It is basically a mutual relation between the sub-ordinate and super-ordinate power of society. Majumdar found in his study that the conditions of kamins are miserable and the upper castes subject them to great harassment and trouble. He knows that if he breaks his family occupation he shall not be able to earn his livelihood. Etymologically, the term Jajman has been derived from the Sanskrit word Yajman, which means a person who performs a yajna.

What is the function of the system? However, all castes do not necessarily participate in this reciprocal exchange.

Various studies of the Jajmani system in India have been made.